Today in history: December 6, 1928 - The Banana massacre (la masacre de las bananeras) was a massacre of Colombian workers who were on strike against the United Fruit Company (now Chiquita) in Ciénaga, Colombia.
Estimates are that between 800 and 3,000 workers were killed when the Colombian army opened fire on a gathering of thousands of striking workers. The massacre aimed to end the month-long strike in which the workers were struggling to improve the miserable working conditions. The U.S. government threatened to invade and send in the U.S. Marines if the Colombian government didn’t act to protect United Fruit’s interests. Gabriel García Márquez depicted a fictional version of the massacre in his novel One Hundred Years of Solitude.
(image: mural commemorating the Banana massacre)
Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)
Blooming prickly pear
Tyra Banks, Thierry Mugler Fall/Winter 1992
Nov. 30 2013
Living in self-imposed exile in Russia, former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden may be safely beyond the reach of Western powers. But dismayed by the continued airing of transatlantic intelligence, British authorities are taking full aim at a messenger shedding light on his secret files here — the small but mighty Guardian newspaper.
The pressures coming to bear on the Guardian, observers say, are testing the limits of press freedoms in one of the world’s most open societies. Although Britain is famously home to a fierce pack of news media outlets — including the tabloid hounds of old Fleet Street — it also has no enshrined constitutional right to free speech.
The Guardian, in fact, has slipped into the single largest crack in the free speech laws that are on the books here — the dissemination of state secrets protecting queen and country in the British homeland.
A feisty, London-based news outlet with a print circulation just shy of 200,000 — albeit with a far bigger footprint online with readers in the many millions — the Guardian, along with The Washington Post, was the first to publish reports based on classified data spirited out of the United States by Snowden. In the months since, the Guardian has continued to make officials here exceedingly nervous by exposing the joint operations of U.S. and British intelligence — particularly their cooperation in data collection and snooping programs involving British citizens and close allies on the European continent.
In response, the Guardian is being called to account by British authorities for jeopardizing national security. The Guardian’s top editor, Alan Rusbridger, is being forced to appear before a parliamentary committee Tuesday to explain the news outlet’s actions. The move comes after British officials ordered the destruction of hard drives at the Guardian’s London headquarters, even as top ministers have taken to the airwaves to denounce the newspaper. Scotland Yard has also suggested it may be investigating the paper for possible breaches of British law.
The government treatment of the Guardian is highlighting the very different way Britons tend to view free speech, a liberty that here is seen through the prism of the public good and privacy laws as much as the right to open expression.
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Rayquan Taylor, 21, VA
submitted by: @raywhatsthe_411 (IG & Twitter)
SUPERSTITIONS -The great Pagan philosopher Plutarch, in his book De Superstitiones, defined the difference between religion and superstition in this way: Religion is based upon love of Deity, superstition is based upon fear of Deity. Superstitions are practices based upon fear of consequences which do not in reality come about. Thus they are illogical and senseless ideas. For example, no one ever broke their mother’s back by having stepped upon a crack in the sidewalk. An omen is not a superstition. Rather an omen is a message from spirit which can help you to improve or correct a situation -thus it wholly positive and is to welcomed rather than feared.